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Granite
Igneous rock, made up of interlocking mineral crystals, mainly quartz, feldspar, and mica
Available in a wide range of colors
Extremely hard and durable
Has heat-resistant qualities, able to withstand hot spots and daily use
Unlikely to scratch or chip, but will chip if struck hard enough
Highly acid resistant and high abrasion resistance 
Good resistance to staining
Will not etch easily
Can be polished to a high shine or honed to a matte finish
Excellent choice for kitchen countertops, bathrooms, bar tops, floors, fireplaces and other heavily used surfaces

Marble
Metamorphic rock, primarily composed of calcite
Comes in unique, vibrant colors.
Provides elegance and beauty to finished product
Marble is a calcite stone, meaning that it is extremely sensitive to anything acidic
Soft and porous stone that is easily scratched
Not as hard as granite, therefore, recommended for lightly trafficked surfaces.
Will etch immediately, creating a dull spot on marble surface
Can be polished and restored to look like new condition in a relatively easy manner
Commonly used for flooring, kitchens, and bathrooms
Ideal for foyers and bathroom vanity tops

Onyx
Calcareous stone 
Very soft and brittle stone
Has an exotic appearance with heavy veining and will have streaks of color that are not present in other sections of the slab
Slabs are not as large as granite slabs - extremely fragile stone that can only be extracted in smaller blocks
Translucent stone - lets in more light than any other natural stone
Onyx absorbs more liquid than any other stone and is more likely to show imperfections easily
Since it is calcium based, it will react easily to acids and will etch immediately
It has a low abrasion resistance and will scratch easily
Glamorous and luxurious, considered a decorative element in a home because it is more difficult to maintain
Recommended for bathroom shower walls and vanities and low-traffic or low-used areas

Travertine
Sedimentary rock, made mostly of calcite
Soft stone, filled with holes 
Has a natural rustic appearance, but may be filled and honed to a flat finish
Can scratch or dull easily
Since it is calcium based, it will react almost immediately to acids causing the stone to stain
Not recommended for use in kitchens or areas prone to staining
Recommended for use in living areas, hallways or bathrooms

Limestone
Sedimentary rock, composed mostly of calcite
Available in a variety of patterns and colors
Soft and porous stone, which makes it prone to scratches 
Like travertine and onyx, limestone will also react to acidic spills and stain the stone
Stains and scratches can cause the limestone to etch
If limestone is used as kitchen countertops, caring for the stone is essential as it can be damaged easily 
Sealing the stone routinely is highly recommended
Used commonly for flooring and vanity tops

Quartzite
Metamorphic rock, originally pure sandstone
Available in a wide range of colors
Many times, quartzite colors are sold as “granite” to suppliers
Extremely hard and dense stone
Extremely strong and durable 
Good resistance to staining, scratching, and etching
Very high abrasion resistance
Extremely resistant to weathering 
Lead time to fabricate quartzite may be longer due to hardness of the stone
Recommended for use in kitchens, bathrooms, fireplaces, bar tops, and BBQ’s along with other heavily used surfaces

Quartz
Engineered and manufactured stone, known as “man-made countertops”
Composed of 93% quartz
Available in a variety of colors and has a uniform appearance
Nonporous surface, considered very safe and hygienic
Strong and durable stone
Will resist stains, scratches and cracks
Able to withstand high temperatures
Commonly used as kitchen countertops and bathroom vanity tops




If you are new to shopping for stone product you may want to ask yourself the following questions to ensure you pick the stone that meets your needs and that can bring you years of appeal. 

1. Where will the stone be installed? Is it considered a high or low trafficked area?
2. What type of care will the stone require? Is it considered a “low-maintenance” or “high-maintenance” stone?
3. What is the stone composed of? Is it mainly composed of minerals that will cause the stone to have a rapid reaction to certain substances?
4. All stones are known to be porous. But, what is the level of porosity of the stone that you like?